What is a Digital Terrain Model?
A Digital Terrain Model (DTM) is a digital file providing a highly detailed representation of the topographical (i.e. relief) variations in the Earth's surface. Combined with other digital data, such as maps or orthophotographs, it can provide 3D image of the land surface. Consisting of terrain elevations for ground positions at regularly spaced horizontal intervals, the added dimension and visualisation offered by a DTM can help in many decision-making processes.
The 10m DTM is revised within the same three year cycle as the orthophotography.
- Version1: March 2033 to July 2006
- Version2: July 2006 to April 2010
- Version3: April 2010 to October 2012
- Version4: April 2012 to Present
- Available in 10m grid intervals.
- Can be used in the electronic process of representing topography in 3 dimensions, including slope and aspect maps.
- Using Geographical Information System (GIS) software, orthophotographs and maps can be draped over a Triangular Irregular Network (TIN) derived from a DTM to create a 3D view of the land surface.
- DTM data can also be used in a GIS to create thematic maps, grids and contours.
- The DTM is derived from OSNI's Orthophotography dataset.
- All height measurements refer to elevation in metres above mean sea level at Belfast Lough.
- DTMs can be used to generate 3D TINs.
- 95% of the data is within +/- 1.0m accuracy.
- Height Analysis
- Environmental Impact Analysis
- Sight Lines
- Wind flow and pollution dispersion
- Soil erosion modelling
- Flow direction and accumulation
- Watershed delineation
DTMs in Action
DTMs are used by a number of organisations and businesses such as the construction industry, where they are used for the creation of elevation models. Digital data, for example, maps or photographs are draped over the elevation models to provide a 3D view of the land surface. Architectural 3D models can be added to the data to envisage future developments. The resulting 3D models can then be used for planning and environmental impact assessments.
OSNI in partnership with European Air Surveys created a 3D 'fly through' of the Mournes Mountains and Silent Valley. By combining DTM with orthophotography the fly through accurately represents land and height variations.
DTMs are also used for analytical applications. For example telecommunication companies use a DTM for viewshed analysis when planning sites of new masts. Insurance companies also use a DTM to carry out floodplain analysis, to identify areas at high and low risk of flooding, when settling premiums.
For detailed information about this product please click on the links below:
Alternatively you can email us at email@example.com